It might be challenging to predict how your chosen industry will perform in the future when choosing a career. Are wage increases anticipated? Will it be exhausting to find work? Much can seem mysterious. The present trend in engineering is clearly toward automation and information technology. Making a career in these fields is as secure a bet as you could hope for. Although conventional fields like civil and petroleum engineering are still in high demand, it is apparent that IT-related fields are expanding the fastest. Here are the most in-demand career prospects for Engineering graduates.
1) Data Science and Machine Learning:-
Over the past few years, software engineering has grown steadily, and there are no signs that this trend will reverse. Making sense of a lot of data is the focus of the software engineering subfield known as data science. Big data refers to these enormous datasets, which might originate from e-commerce, healthcare, or the finance industries. This field combines software engineering and statistics. For instance, analysts might develop focused marketing efforts by using the information on which products sell best at a particular time of year.
Machine learning, a branch of data science, is used to forecast potential future events using data from the past. Machine learning algorithms generate predictions, verify their accuracy, and then refine themselves to increase future forecast accuracy. The accuracy of the forecasts increases with the diversity of the data volume. There are many short courses available that cover the relevant topics, thus an undergraduate degree is not usually necessary to start a career in data science. It’s crucial to remember that a solid foundation in both coding and mathematics is required.
2) Automation and Robotics Engineer:-
Robots are starting to progress from simple humanoid machines to complicated ones, thanks to ongoing breakthroughs in computation, energy storage, and materials. The Boston Dynamics robot is a spectacular illustration of this progression. The design, development, testing, and implementation of robotic systems are all handled by a robotics engineer. Most engineers that work in robotics have backgrounds in mechatronics, electronics, or mechanics. Working in automation is more promising than ever as we get closer to living in a fully automated world.
3) Mechanical Engineer:-
There are a staggering number of job choices in the highly diversified field of mechanical engineering. Mechanical engineers are in charge of controlling industrial systems as well as creating machines and other devices, among other things. Many different businesses, such as resource extraction, manufacturing, and agriculture, require their competence. It is unlikely that the market will become oversaturated with entry level engineers given the variety of sectors that require mechanical engineers.
4) Civil Engineer:-
A career in civil engineering has always been in high demand. The world’s infrastructure is built by civil engineers. Civil engineering has many subfields, which makes market saturation challenging. As a result, it is a good field to work in. Structural engineering, environmental engineering, road/highway engineering, and transportation engineering are the four primary subfields of civil engineering.
5) Electrical Engineer:-
Another engineering discipline that consistently sees demand is electrical engineering. Power engineering, instrumentation engineering, and electronic engineering are all subfields within the extremely vast topic of electrical engineering. Electrical engineering offers a wide variety of potential career pathways.
6) Alternative Energy Engineer:-
Due to the growing strain that climate change is putting on the world, there has been a global drive toward clean and renewable energy. For instance, the cost of solar panels has been reduced as a result of the sharp increase in demand for solar energy technologies. This rise in demand has set off a feedback loop that is driving it even higher. Alternative, renewable energy is without a doubt the way of the future. Although coal-fired power plants still produce the majority of the world’s energy, their expansion has slowed while alternative energy sources have increased. A minimum undergraduate degree in a field like energy, mechanical, or electrical engineering is required to become an energy engineer. A graduate degree in a relevant discipline can enhance employment opportunities even more.
7) Mining Engineer:-
Any product’s lifespan begins with mining because it is at this point that raw materials for produced items are collected. A mining engineer usually oversees the excavation and building of both open pit and underground mines. Additionally, they develop strategies for handling and moving the extracted materials to different processing facilities. The demand for metals like lithium, copper, gold, and nickel needed for electronics and batteries is expected to continue increasing over the coming decades, while iron use is expected to decline.
8) Project Engineer:-
Every branch of engineering requires a project engineer. Since project engineering is a multidisciplinary topic of engineering, it is not comprehensively researched about. To increase overall effectiveness, it is advised to pursue additional project management education after earning an undergraduate degree. A project engineer oversees technical projects that may involve the design, acquisition, production, and delivery of anything from components to intricate treatment facilities. The position is multidisciplinary and necessitates a core technical comprehension of each project component.
Although by no means comprehensive, the list of positions described in this article offers a reasonable representation of future jobs in India. It is evident that positions like data science and automation are in high demand and pay higher starting and mid-level incomes than the national average. Although traditional engineering areas continue to pay well, there are sometimes too many entry-level engineers, making it challenging to get a job in the field. The job hunt does get simpler as one specializes.